The Ag-presentation ability of Bcgr and Bcgs spleen cells was studied in two sets of Bcg-congenic systems; namely, the BALB/c-BALB/c.Bcgr pair and the B10.A-B10.A-Bcgr pair, by using three sonicated soluble bacterial Ag (mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin, Salmonella typhimurium, and Brucella abortus) as well as a particulate Ag (heat-killed Escherichia coli). Pulsed Bcgr spleen cells were shown to induce a stronger proliferation of the T cell-indicator system than their Bcgs counterparts. No difference in Ag-presenting ability could be shown between Bcgr and Bcgs peritoneal macrophages from normal animals. However, elicited peritoneal macrophages from immune Bcgr mice were superior in their Ag-presentation ability. Differences at the level of Ag presentation of Bcgr and Bcgs splenic cells were investigated further. Depletion of T cells and B cells did not alter the differences in Ag-presenting ability between Bcgr and Bcgs spleen cells. Furthermore, splenic dendritic cells of Bcgr or Bcgs allelic types were equally efficient in presenting bacillus Calmette-Guérin Ag to accessory cell-depleted T cells. In a final experiment, it was shown that spleen macrophages were the cell type involved in the superior Ag presentation by Bcgr splenic cells.