Endotoxin causes neutrophil sequestration in the liver and severe vascular and parenchymal cell injury. Inducible adhesion molecules such as intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and selectins are involved in neutrophil recruitment to an inflammatory site in vivo. The objective of our study was to characterize the translocation of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) from the cytoplasm to the nucleus (NF-kappa B activation) during endotoxemia using the electrophoretic mobility shift assay and to investigate its role in regulation of E-selectin gene transcription in liver cells in vivo. Administration of 0.5 mg/kg Salmonella enteritidis endotoxin to male Fischer rats induced a drastic but transient activation of NF-kappa B at the whole liver level. Major subunits identified were p50 (NF-kappa B1), p65 (RelA), and c-Rel, but not p52 (NF-kappa B2). Isolation of liver cells from control animals induced substantial NF-kappa B activation in Kupffer cells and endothelial cells and minor activation in hepatocytes. One hour after endotoxin treatment in vivo, NF-kappa B was uniformly activated in all isolated cells. At 5 h, NF-kappa B activation was reduced to various degrees in all cell types, with hepatocytes showing only a moderate decrease. Northern blot analysis indicated no E-selectin mRNA in all control cells; however, at 1 h, endotoxin induced E-selectin gene transcription transiently in endothelial cells and in Kupffer cells but not in hepatocytes. These data support the hypothesis that NF-kappa B activation is important for E-selectin gene transcription in hepatic vascular lining cells. However, the fact that hepatic parenchymal cells, despite NF-kappa B activation do not express E- selectin mRNA, suggests that NF-kappa B activation alone is not sufficient for E-selectin gene transcription in vivo.

This content is only available via PDF.