The discontinuous epitopes of beta-factor XIIa for three mAbs were mapped by a linear peptide-based immunoblotting technique, referred to as multiple interactive residues of recognition. The Abs were incubated with a set of overlapping synthetic peptides, deduced from the cDNA sequences of beta-factor XIIa, on a polymer membrane, and the signal was amplified by an ECL assay. Several discrete sequences of the protein were recognized by each Ab. The recognized peptides were further characterized using alanine substitution analogues and peptides of different lengths. The discontinuous epitopes found for each Ab were formed by several peptides and were composed of 20 to 31 residues. The sequence FLQEA was recognized by all three Abs and was the immunodominant peptide. Abs 201/9 and 2/15 bound to very similar discontinuous sequences, but with subtle differences. The sequences 76RLHEAFSP83, 88HDLALLRLQE97, 178GFLEG182, 146FLQEA150, and 237IRE239 formed the epitope for mAb 201/9, whereas 76RLHEAFSP83, 90LALLRLQE97, 146FLQEA150, and 235AWIREHT241 formed the epitope for Ab 2/15. The third Ab 202/7 recognized the sequences 79EAFSP83, 93LRLQE97, 133WGHQF137, and 146FLQEA150. We suggest that these sequences represent the sites to which the Abs bind. This procedure provides a sensitive and convenient tool to elucidate discontinuous epitopes for the binding of Abs, receptor ligand-binding sites, or enzyme inhibitor binding sites.

This content is only available via PDF.