Metabolic reprogramming is an essential part of the T cell activation program. Upon activation, T cells undergo dramatic rewiring of their metabolic pathways to promote ATP production and biosynthesis sufficient to support the rapid exponential growth of antigen-specific T cells. The metabolic profile of T cells is shaped by both cell-intrinsic factors, such as genetics and receptor-mediated signaling, and environmental conditions, such as nutrient availability. However, our understanding of T cell metabolism has largely been shaped by studies in vitro, where oxygen and nutrients are in excess. Here, we combined bioenergetic profiling and 13C-glutamine infusion techniques to investigate the metabolism of CD8+ T cells responding to Listeria infection. Similar to in vitro-activated T cells, glutamine is a prominent source of fuel for the TCA cycle during early expansion (3 dpi). However, at later timepoints of infection (6 dpi), the use of glutamine is substantially decreased by Teff cells. Similar to the observation of decreased glucose usage by T cells over the course of infection (Ma et al Immunity 2019). Our data suggests a dynamic flexibly in nutrient usage by T cells in vivo to fuel the different phases of T cell functions, from the early T cell response (3 dpi) to the late (6 dpi). Our work highlights the differences in T cell metabolism in vivo compared to in vitro cultures and a new method to study T cell nutrient utilization in vivo.