1. Two anti-insulin antibodies from guinea pig antisera were isolated by chromatography on diethylaminoethyl cellulose (2) and examined by immunoelectrophoresis and by radioautography with the aid of I131-insulin and the rabbit antiserum against guinea pig serum components. Peak I or Peak II antibody fraction showed a single radioactive are in the γ-globulin (I) or in the β2-globulin (II) region, respectively, indicating their difference in the electrophoretic mobility.

  2. When the original antisera were used, the resultant radioactive are represented a composite of the two arcs obtained with two isolated antibody fractions. The anode end of the Peak I antibody are coalesced with the middle portion of the Peak II antibody are, thus producing a single long line covering the β2- and γ-globulin regions with a distint spur between these two areas. This line and the spur corresponded exactly with the long strong are (so-called γ-globulin arc) and with the very faint spur observed on the stained slide. The relative intensity of radioactive line in γ- and β2-globulin portions roughly reflected the relative antibody activity in Peak I and Peak II antibody fractions.

  3. The method is extremely sensitive for detecting anti-insulin antibodies. Positive results were obtained with antibody concentrations as low as 0.033 to 0.16 µg/ml. In addition, it requires only a few microliters of the sample and the two different antibodies are clearly distinguishable.

  4. Two antibodies are different in their reaction with rabbit antiserum against guinea pig serum. Both antibodies have some antigenic determinants in common, but Peak II antibody has some determinants which are not present in Peak I antibody.

  5. The complexes prepared by incubating I131-insulin with the antisera migrate significantly faster than the free antibodies.

1

The work was supported in part by U. S. Public Health Service Grant H-2092.

Part of this work was presented at the 45th Annual Meeting of the Association of American Immunologists April 14 to 19, 1962, at Atlantic City, N. J.

This content is only available via PDF.